A finished basement in a home can be added space for play, office work, entertaining or even bedrooms. It may seem like a daunting task to transform what used to be a storage only basement to a warm and inviting family area but depending on the design, it can be basic construction.
BASIC STEPS INVOLVED IN FINISHING A BASEMENT
Step 1 – Layout
Once you have decided to take the plunge in finishing your basement, think about the layout and function of the space. If it is for pure entertainment, you may want it to be very open and near natural lighting to minimize the dark basement feel. Keep in mind wherever you decide to place your television, make sure it isn’t in a space that will create too much glare.
Factor in space for the furnace, water heater and any other home units. If you are using your basement as a living space, by code you must have or create an egress window. This is a large window that provides an escape route in case of an emergency in the basement. Check your local township for their current codes and permits on finishing a basement. Here is additional information building permits for the home.
Step 2 – Moisture Assessment
Basements will always be magnets for moisture, being the room closest to the ground. It’s important to assess how your basement is currently affected by moisture. If there are any issues then you must get them fixed before construction starts.
Step 3 – Framing
Framing is creating the skeleton of your basement layout. Pay attention to your ceiling height. If it isn’t high enough, you may have to dig out your floor and re-cement it. When framing around your stairs, one tip is to think about how to utilize that space for storage or another function. Here are some creative ways to utilize the space under the stairs for storage.
Step 4 – Electric and Plumbing
Unless you have a good deal of experience, you may want to hire a professional for the electrical and plumbing phase of finishing your basement. Not only for safety reasons but also for coding and permit reasons. Tip: Insulate pipes to minimize heat loss and prevent moisture condensation damage to dry wall. When designing your lighting for the basement, try to keep it as well lit as possible since there is minimal natural light. Recessed lighting is a good option. Read: Design Your Way to a Well-Lit Home
Step 5 – Insulation
After all the electric and plumbing is complete, insulation is the next step. Insulation keeps heat in and moisture out. There are different kinds of insulation available but two popular choices are polyurethane sheeting and spray foam.
Step 6 – Drywall
The drywall stage is the beginning of the end of your project. Your construction will finally have walls and ceilings. Drywall is sold in sheets that are cut and nailed or screwed on as needed along the framing. Some people choose to drywall their ceiling and if that is your choice remember to create an access panel to reach electrical and plumbing connections. The other common choice for ceilings would be tiles to create a drop ceiling.
Step 7 – Painting, Trim and Doors
Adding the special touches that give your basement character will be done in this stage. An eggshell paint finish is a good choice for basements as it hides any drywall imperfections. A helpful tip is to paint your trim before you install it. Here is a guide to paint finishes and where they work best.
Step 8 – Flooring
Last but certainly not least is your flooring. Wood flooring is generally not a good route to go for flooring as any water can warp and rot the wood. Vinyl tile, engineered hardwood and carpet are common options. If choosing tile you may want to install a sub-floor and insulation on top of your cement floor to help keep it insulated and a bit warmer.
There you have it, the ins and outs to finishing a basement. If you are thinking of finishing your basement for a space your family could use for entertainment, organized storage, or maybe even a sleeping or office space, Michael Roberts Construction can make that a reality for you in the coastal Georgia area.
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Michael Roberts artfully combines the latest trends in home construction with classic elements to create an exquisite space for real families to enjoy. Licensed by the State of Georgia as a residential home builder, he thoroughly enjoys every aspect of the home building process. He offers an exemplary hands-on approach to his craft and insists upon working with his customers on a personal level to ensure complete satisfaction. Michael Roberts is a name synonymous with integrity, notable reliability, enthusiastic creativity, and award-winning design in the Coastal Georgia area. With high standards, and a detail oriented approach to home building, Roberts builds functional living spaces that make elegant southern opulence an affordable luxury.